model also served as the basis of the informal-formal sector dualism. Hart rst coined the term informal sector before it was popularized by the. Two systems of production were developed: the bazaar economy and the rm - centered economy (Geertz, 1963). This wasrecognized as the Miasma Theory. In the miasma theory, it was believed that vapour, mist, or bad air, originating from decomposing material (called miasmata) with its foul smell, would enter the body and cause disease.
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109-110).Use of family workers makes this mode of production mere survivalist, intendedfor social reproduction rather than capital accumulation. Internationa l Labour Ofce Report on Kenya in 1972 (Harper, 1996). However, because of the continuous globalization, hygiene practices were setaside. And so, diseases started to reign especially during the Middle Ages. Thereafter, the informal sector was characterized by the following: ease of entry, reliance on indigenous resources, family ownership, small scale production, use of labour-intensive technology, and facing competitive markets (ILO, 1991,.4).With the development of these informal sectors in the market, the street food tradesprout. This dualistic model highlights the distinction between self-employment andwage labour. Commodity production, which is pre-capitalist, has low division of labour and littlespecialization. This will help you in your thesis or research paper.